Mediterr J Rheumatol 2019;30(2):86-9
Autoantibody Profiles in Autoimmune Rheumatic Diseases
Authors Information

Laboratorio di Patologia Clinica, Ospedale San Antonio, Tolmezzo, Azienda Sanitaria Universitaria Integrata di Udine, Italy


A paradigmatic feature of autoimmune rheumatic diseases (ARD) is the presence of multiple autoantibodies. The use of antibody profiles in the study of ARD therefore should be the best strategy for both diagnostic and classification purposes. To this end, systems using micronized components (protein chips or arrays), consisting of solid phase-linked autoantigens capable of simultaneously detecting many autoantibodies at the same time, are particularly suitable for testing autoantibody profiles. In the near future, extended disease-specific autoantibody profiles consisting of dozens, if not hundreds, of autoantibodies will be able to define each patient's autoantibody fingerprint and identify subclasses of patients with different prognostic characteristics and different therapeutic responses.